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积极心理学关注的24个人格特征

2017年03月05日 心质培养 积极心理学关注的24个人格特征已关闭评论 阅读 1,849 次浏览 次
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   中国全民健心网肖汉仕整理:
 
       被确认的最强大的优势

     The VIA Signature Strength Survey is a 240 question survey that has been taken by hundreds of thousands of people. The VIA Signature Strengths Survey measures 24 character strengths that are taken from Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification by Christopher Peterson and Martin E. P. Seligman, Oxford University Press, 2004. The 24 character strengths are listed below. The results page will show you your 5 greatest character strengths.

“VIA特征优势调查”是一份面向成千上万的人们的由240个问题组成的调查。VIA特征优势调查测量了从许多种人格优点和品德中选出的24种人格优势——成书为由克里斯托弗·彼德逊和马丁·E.P.·瑟里格曼编写的、牛津大学出版社2004年出版的一本手册和分类指南。这24种人格优势罗列于下,结论那页会显示出你的5种最强的人格优势。

Creativity (originality, ingenuity):

Thinking of novel and productive ways to conceptualize and do things.

1、创造力(原创性,独创性):思索新颖而有价值的方法来产生概念和做事情。

Curiosity (interest, novelty-seeking, openness to experience):

Taking an interest in ongoing experience s afor its own sake; exploring and discovering

2、好奇心(兴趣,寻找新事物,开放式体验):对持续的体验和其内在因缘产生兴趣;进行探索和发现。

Open-mindedness (judgment, critical thinking):

Thinking things through and examining them from all sides; weighing all evidence fairly.

3、头脑开明(判断力,批判性思维):通过全方位测验来思考事物;公平权衡所有的根据。

Love of learning:

Mastering new skills, topics, and bodies of knowledge, whether on one's own or formally.

4、爱学习:掌握新的技能、话题以及知识本体,不管是出于自愿还是形式要求。

Perspective (wisdom):

Being able to provide wise counsel to others; having ways of looking at the world that make sense to oneself and to other people

5、洞察力(智慧):能对他人提出明智的建议;能着眼于对己对人有意义的世界。

Bravery (valor):

Not shrinking from threat, challenge, difficulty, or pain; acting on convictions even if unpopular.

6、勇敢(勇气):不畏威胁、挑战、困顿或苦痛;依觉悟而行,不论其是否被普遍认同。

Persistence (perseverance, industriousness):

Finishing what one starts; persisting in a course of action in spite of obstacles.

7、持久(有毅力,刻苦发奋):做事有始有终;坚持行为方向,不论障碍险阻。

Integrity (authenticity, honesty):

Presenting oneself in a genuine way; taking responsibility for one's feeling and actions

8、正直(可靠,诚实):自我表现诚恳;对自己的感觉和行为负责。

Vitality (zest, enthusiasm, vigor, energy):

Approac

hing life with excitement and energy; feeling alive and activated

9、有活力(热情,积极,有魄力,有精力):使生活充满激情和能量;感觉活跃、活泼。

Love:

Valuing close relations with others, in particular those in which sharing and caring are reciprocated.

10、爱:珍爱与他人的亲密关系,尤其是那些其中相互分享、相互关照的。

Kindness (generosity, nurturance, care, compassion, altruistic love, “niceness”):

Doing favors and good deeds for others.

11、善良(慷慨,关怀,关照,同情,无私的爱,“美好的事物”):为他人帮忙、做好事。

Social intelligence (emotional intelligence, personal intelligence):

Being aware of the motives and feelings of other people and oneself.

12、社会智商(情绪智商,个人智商):了解他人以及自己的目的和感觉。

Citizenship (social responsibility, loyalty, teamwork):

Working well as a member of a group or team; being loyal to the group.

13、公民权(社会责任,忠诚,团队协作):作为集体或团队中的一员好好工作;对集体忠诚。

Fairness:

Treating all people the same according to notions of fairness and justice; not letting personal feelings bias decisions about others.

14、公正:依照公平和正义的观念平等对待所有人;不要让个人感觉误导对他人的判定。

Leadership:

Encouraging a group of which one is a member to get things done and at the same maintain time good relations within the group.

15、领导能力:促进集体,使个人在其中作为成员能完成事情并且同时维持良好的集体关系

Forgiveness and mercy:

Forgiving those who have done wrong; accepting the shortcomings of others; giving people a second chance; not being vengeful

·16、宽恕和仁慈:宽恕做错事的人;接纳他人的短处;给予他人第二次机会;不心怀报复。

Humility / Modesty:

Letting one's accomplishments speak for themselves; not regarding oneself as more special than one is.

17、谦虚/谦逊:让人的成绩说话;不自大。

Prudence:

Being careful about one's choices; not taking undue risks; not saying or doing things that might later be regretted.

18、谨慎:细心于自己的选择;不要冒不当的风险;不说也不做会事后后悔的事。

Self-regulation (self-control):

Regulating what one feels and does; being disciplined; controlling one's appetites and emotions.

19、自律(自控):管理自己的感觉和行为;守纪律;控制自己的欲望和情绪。

Appreciation of beauty and excellence (awe, wonder, elevation):

Appreciating beauty, excellence, and/or skilled performance in various domains of life.

20、欣赏美丽和卓越(敬畏,赞叹,上进):欣赏美丽、卓越以及/或在生活的不同领域的娴熟表现。

Gratitude:

Being aware of and thankful of the good things that happen; taking tim

e to express thanks.

21、感恩:知道并感谢发生的好事情;多多表达谢意。

Hope (optimism, future-mindedness, future orientation):

Expecting the best in the future and working to achieve it.

22、希望(乐观,为未来打算,为未来定向):对将来有最好的展望,并努力实现它。

Humor (playfulness):

23、Liking to laugh and tease; bringing smiles to other people; seeing the light side.

幽默(爱玩):喜欢笑,喜欢逗乐;给他人带来欢笑;看事物的光明面。

Spirituality (religiousness, faith, purpose):

Having coherent beliefs about the higher purpose, the meaning of life, and the meaning of the universe.

24、精神信仰(虔诚,守信,有追求):有对更高追求、生活意义以及宇宙意义的信仰。

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