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和抑郁症患者一起生活该注意什么?

2017年04月07日 心理保健 和抑郁症患者一起生活该注意什么?已关闭评论 阅读 779 次浏览 次
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       当我们为有抑郁症的人提供支持时,想知道该说什么和该做什么并不那么容易。虽然有时抑郁症看上去仅仅是在人的大脑里,但是心理疾病需要严肃对待。我们需要让医生来帮助做诊断!别说“坚强一点”或“做个男子汉”等类似命令的话,这只会让他或她感到更糟。此外,将他或她与“病情更严重”的其他人相比只会让他们感觉更绝望。抑郁症患者可能会有想要发泄或脾气急躁的时候。我们应认识到这往往是抑郁症的表现,而不是他们的真正感受。起初做上述行为可能看上去是帮助朋友的好方法,但其实最终会产生不利影响。
      了解提供支持的最有效方式能帮助减轻很多关于正确言行的担忧。面对患有抑郁症的家人或朋友,我们需要在提及他或她的心理健康话题时很小心,因为他们可能不习惯谈这件事。通常,仔细倾听朋友或家人说的话要更为重要。
      去寻求专业帮助同样重要。我们可以帮助他们找到让自己感到舒适的医生,而这往往会成为抑郁症患者治疗的重要转折点。有时抑郁症患者可能觉得找医生和约见医生太难,那么我们可以陪着他们一起去看医生,这一举动也许就会让他们感到安心。此外,确保朋友坚持使用医生建议的药物治疗方案也很重要。
      与此同时,这里还有一些其他方法,我们可以用来支持朋友管理抑郁症,比如:
1、一同锻炼。陪伴他们,或一起散散步。
2、减轻压力。帮助你的朋友振作起来。
3、提醒他们是重要的。通过整理过去他们生活中美好的信件和照片来提醒他们自己有多重要。
4、制定康复计划。一同制定一个康复计划,以帮助他们为痊愈设定范围和期限。
      但我们也要认识到自己的能力有限。帮助朋友可能会使人筋疲力尽。我们需要了解什么时候到达了极限或需要休息一下了。只有当我们自己处于最佳状态时,才能帮助到朋友。此外,患抑郁症的亲人朋友可能只有在获得专业医疗帮助之后才会出现好转。因此,花时间陪伴其他朋友或家人也很重要,这也会为我们提供能量,以用最佳状态帮助有困难的朋友。

Living with Someone with Depression: Dos and Don’ts
 
     Do you know someone who is depressed? Overcoming depression is a big challenge to face. Your support can play a significant role in their recovery process. Educating yourself about depression is really the first step to support a friend or family member with depression.
     It can be hard to know what do and say when supporting someone with depression. Although depression may sometimes seem like it is just in someone’s head, mental illness should be taken seriously. Leave a diagnosis to a healthcare professional. Don’t say things like “toughen up” or “be a man,” it will only make him or her feel worse, as will ordering them around.  Also, comparing how he or she is feeling to others who “have it worse” will only make them feel more hopeless. People with depression may lash out or be short tempered. Know that it is often the depression talking and not how they really feel.  At first doing any one of these things might seem like a good way to help a friend, but could ultimately be detrimental.  
    Knowing the most effective way to provide support relieves much of the worry about saying and doing the right thing.  Be sure to bring up the subject of his or her mental health carefully, he or she may not be used to talking about it.  Often, it is much more important to listen closely to whatever your friend has to say.  
    It is also very important that your friend seek professional help.  Helping him or her find a doctor that he or she is comfortable with can be a major turning point for someone with depression. Finding a doctor and making appointments can be overwhelming sometimes. Going with your friend to the appointment might be very reassuring for him or her as well. Also, making sure that a friend sticks to a medication regimen prescribed by a doctor is important.
    Some other great tools you can use to support your friend as they manage their depression includes: Exercise - accompanying them on a nice walk; Reduce stress – help your friend reorganize themselves; Remind him or her how important they are by compiling letters and pictures of all the good things in their life; Agreeing to a set plan for improvement will help set limits and stages to his or her recovery.
    Know your own limits. Helping a friend can be exhausting.  Know when you cannot do anymore or need time to rest. You cannot help a friend if you are not your best.  Also, it may be the case that your friend will not get better unless they get professional medical help. It is important to spend time with other friends or family. This will give you the energy to be your best for your friend in need.
    These steps will help your friend with a depression as they recover.  

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